1. Find good quotes first, which represent precise ideas,
before writing anything else on
-- Put them in the middle of the page (9 -15 lines down),
leaving room for the later stuff which will go
above and below the quote.
--Quotes are the exact words of the source,
not summaries of information you have
2. Quoted passages must always be completely indented
on the left side only (1
A. Handwritten (for rough draft):
Indent the left margin only and don't
B. Typed: Double-spaced is correct for whole paper
though Andrews likes single-spaced quotes better.
3. Quotes should not be too long, too short, or too vague:
A. Excessively long including much material
not relevant to the point.
B. Too short to have enough meaningful detail.
C. Summaries of general
information which lack
vivid detail of people or conditions.
4. Quotes should be vivid
and should clearly illustrate
the idea under discussion.
-Make them interesting so that the reader can have an
emotional as well as an intellectual reaction to them.
5. Shorten long quotes to include the best parts of the incident
using your own stylistic
ability to tie the best parts of the
incident together. Use the ellipsis […], but don't overuse it.
6. Make sure that quotes have "bullability," including stuff that
you can discuss well.
7. Multiple Quotes may be used in a block:
A. Using parts of the same incident
(usually in chronological order)
with transitional remarks between parts
to keep the block on only one narrow topic.
B. Using more than one example of the
same type of behavior
which will have virtually the same analysis.